Heinrich C, Spagnoli FM, Berninger B (2015) In vivo reprogramming for tissue repair. Nat Cell Biol 17: 204-11

Vital organs such as the pancreas and the brain lack the capacity for effective regeneration. To overcome this limitation, an emerging strategy consists of converting resident tissue-specific cells into the cell types that are lost due to disease by a process called in vivo lineage reprogramming. Here we discuss recent breakthroughs in regenerating pancreatic ?-cells and neurons from various cell types, and highlight fundamental challenges that need to be overcome for the translation of in vivo lineage reprogramming into therapy.

Pubmed: 25720960